Skip to content

Processing of Coconut Shell into Activated Carbon/Charcoal

10/05/2010

Coconut shell, a by-product of copra processing, is a good material for activated carbon/charcoal (Fig. 1). Activated charcoal (charcoal activated with CO2, water vapor, or chemical compounds) made of coconut shell has advantages compared to other materials (wood, rice husk, corn cob) because of its ability to absorb color or aroma. It is used as supporting material for food and non-food industries (processing of cooking oil, sugar, and chemical matter purification). 

Generally, coconut production at farmer level is  

1 ton/ha, with coconut shell by-products of 0.9 ton, which in turn can yield 0.36 ton of activated charcoal. Price of activated charcoal is Rp 4,246,379.00/ton (US$440.00), income obtained is Rp 1,528,696.00 (US$158.00).  

Processing of Activated Charcoal

  

Materials and Equipment

  

  • Coconut shell
  • Drum or burning sink (Fig. 2)
  • Oven
  • Plastic pail
  • Crusher wood/iron
  • Draining tray
  • Distilled water
  • Sieve, 100 mesh

  

Methods

  

  • Separate and clean coconut shell from other materials, such as coconut fiber or soil.
  • Sun dry.
  • Burn dried coconut shell at burning sink or drum at 300-500 oC for 3-5 hours.
  • Soak charcoal in chemical solution (CaCl2 or ZnCl2 25%) for 12-18 hours to become activated charcoal.
  • Wash charcoal with distilled/clean water.
  • Spread on tray at room temperature to be drained.
  • Dry in oven at temperature 110 oC for 3 hours.
  • Crush or refine activated charcoal with crusher wood/iron into size of 100 mesh (Fig. 3).
  • Pack activated charcoal in plastic.

  

Quality Standard

  

Quality standard (Table 1) for activated charcoal determined by the Department of Industry, Indonesia with SII 0258-79 are as follows:  

Index of Images

Advertisements
2 Comments leave one →
  1. 06/02/2013 1:45 PM

    I would love to receive the reports on activation of coconut charcoal

  2. 06/15/2013 3:23 PM

    Thanks for this interesting post. I am using acticated charcoal internal for detoxification. Can I buy it there in your place ? Im from Cebu City. When its activeated with chemicals, is it still safe to use inside the body?

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: